Concussions are considered the “invisible” injury since they do not show up on medical imaging tests such as x-rays or CT scans. They are also considered “invisible” because their effects are often misunderstood. The following resources are designed to help physicians, coaches, parents and athletes understand and navigate the sometimes difficult process of recovery from concussions.

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What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury. Any blow to the head, face, neck and/or body that causes a sudden shaking or jarring of the brain inside the skull may cause a concussion. This can result from any number of activities including a collision of heads in soccer, receiving a check in hockey, falling from a jungle gym, being in a motor vehicle collision or slipping on an icy sidewalk. 

Please review the Pre-Season Concussion Education Sheet as put forth by the Parachute Canada for the latest information on concussions. See Canadian Guideline on Concussion in Sport.

Concussion Resources

International Consensus Statement on Concussion in SportLink
Parachute – ConcussionLink
Parachute – Resources PageLink
Parachute – Statement on Concussion Baseline Testing in CanadaAdobe PDF
Concussions 101, A Primer for Kids and ParentsYouTube
Concussion Management and Return to LearnYouTube
Concussion Ed AppLink

Concussion Documents

Player Injury Report FormAdobe PDF
EAP GuidelinesAdobe PDF
Return to Sport Communication ToolAdobe PDF
Medical Assessment/Medical Clearance LetterAdobe PDF
On-Field Protocol Adobe PDF
Concussion ProtocolAdobe PDF
Concussion HandbookLink
Keeping Quiet Can Keep You Out of the Game – An Athlete’s StoryYouTube
Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines (OPHEA)Link

Concussion Assessment Tools

Berlin Statement on Concussion in Sport

The Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport provides the most current evidence on sport concussion. There are three related tools: SCAT5 assessment tool, the Child SCAT5, and the CRT5 (Concussion Recognized Tool)

Rowan’s Law

For more information and concussion resources, please visit Parachute Canada’s Concussion Page.